The IPS Pilyhas-1 Exploration Ship (IPSP1/ES) was the first theoretically designed interplanetary spaceship designed by Dwight Huth. The ship's design has incorporated several design aspects from the Orion Command Module, NASA's Shuttle program, Jules Verne Cargo ship the Ares I engine section and various component modules from the International Space Station into one design meant to ferry scientific crews from HEO (High Earth Orbit), HLO (High Lunar Orbit) or HMO (High Martian Orbit) stations or platforms to almost any location within the Sol System.
The first module of the ship is the Orion Command Module/A1. The command module is an uprated version of the origional Orion Command Module that was originally designed to be used with the Ares I launch vehicle that was designed to send a crew of six astronaughts to the Moon by 2020, but due to mishandling of governmental funds by President Barrack Obama and his Cabinet during the first part of NASA's fiscal year of 2010, the Ares and Constellation programs were first shelved and then cancelled. Nonetheless, the OCM was still used in the design of the Pilyhas-1 due to the command modules relative size when compared to he rest of the modules, which when designing a space ship such as the Pilyhas-1 all available resources that would facilitate a lower end cost in designing and maintaining such a module would override the cost of re-designing a module just to fit the needs of the design. So in all actuallity the Pilyhas-1 design is based around the OCM with her sister module being the OCM/A1 command module.
The device used to couple all modules to each other is the Common Berthing Mechanism. The CBM comes in two modes the CBM(A)ctive and the CBM(P)assive.The aft (rear of the ship ) section of the OCM/A1 will employ the CBMA. The next module to be coupled or connected in line or linearly is the Assurance Module or Node 3/A. The OCM/A1's active CBM will connect to Node 3/A's passive CBM. This type of connection or coupling can only occur at a construction facility where the CBMA's limit switch senses when the CBMP is close enough to the CBMA. The CBMA then generates a signal indicating to the CBMP that preparations for berthing has been completed. The CBMA then extends it's four latches to capture the CBMP. After the initial coupling or connection has been made with the four latches, 16 power bolts extend from the CBMA and are inserted into the corresponding 16 insertion points in the CBMP,completing the connection. After the pressurized modules have been connected via the CBMA and CBMP a large O-ring made of specially designed material will seal the union between the CBMA and CBMP to maintain environmental integrity inside of the connected modules. The configuration of placing the passive CBM at the fore of each module and the active CBM at the rear of module are typical for all modules of the Pilyhas-1 class design.
The Assurance Module is a derivative of the Node 3 module used in the construction of the International Space Station. The use of the Node 3/A module is basically an extension to the capabilties of the ship to provide the crew with an emergency lifeboat. The C/EM (Crew/Emergency Module) while in non-emergency use provides the ship with advanced life support systems. These systems include waste water recycling and will generate oxygen for the crew to breathe. Additional systems include an atmosphere revitalization system that removes contaiminants from the atmosphere along with montitoring/controlling the environmental constituents of the IPSP1/ES. Another feature of the C/EM that is built into it's design are six berthing locations that provide power data and commanding control for six cupola that are attached during construction of the ship at the construction facilities The total number of cupola added to the C/EM is up to the discretion of the company placing the order. The cupola will provide the observer with a 360 degree viewing area of the space outside of the ship which can be used for taking digital photo's of objects or for the viewing of EVA operations.To allow for added emergency fuel bottle storage the Assurance Module is 3.3335 meters longer in length then it's precedessor the Node 3.
During emergency lifeboat operations the crew can facilitate the use of the C/EM to care for wounded crew members and access emergency space suits for survival past the normal operational limit of the module to sustain the crew. When in lifeboat mode the explosive bolts located in the aft active CBM of the C/EM blow causing the passive CBM on the module connected to it to undergo structural fatigue. The 16 explosive bolts of the active CBM explode inside of the 16 holes in passive CBM allowing the OCM/A1/C/EM to pull away from the remaining sections of the damaged ship. Thrust for emergency seperation is provided by four LR-101 ungimbaled Vernier rocket thrusters that are fueled by a Kerosene/LOX combination. The four emergency thrusters fire pulling the OCM/A1/C/EM away from the rest of the ship to a location out of harms way. The four thrusters and fuel bottles are contained within an aluminum housing that is welded to the surface of the C/EM during the modules construction and are acessible from of the ship only. Four reserve Kerosene/LOX fuel bottle assemblies are located inside of the C/EM relative to the location of the thruster on the outside of the module. A hand lever is used to open each tank into the corresponding thruster or into a main bottle assembly where all of the emergency fuel can be used for one thruster or for several thruster firing variations requiring more fuel to be used then would be during single thruster firing.
The next module connected to the Assurance Module is the Harmony or Node 2 module. The Harmony Module is unchanged in it's design which set's it apart from all of the other modules as not being new in design. Node 2 is the utility hub for the Pilyhas-1 class ship design. The hub contains four racks that provide electrical power and bus electronic data. Node 2 is also used to attach four MPLM/A1 or two MPLM/A2 mulpti-purpose logistic at the CBM ports. Each of the CBM's are passive in their connection with the docking mechanism's of the MPLM/A1 and MPLM/A2 being active CBM's. Both MPLM/A1 and A2 have the passive CBM located on the nadir or Earthward side of the module.
The main purpose of the MPLM/A1 and MPLM/A2 are cargo modules. The original MPLM was designed with a soft aluminum shell with a lifetime of approxiamately 180 days total service. Once the cargo had been unloaded the MPLM was used to remove trash that was either returned to Earth via the Shuttle or jettisoned into the Earth's atmosphere to burn up upon re-entry. Both MPLM/A1 and A2 are constructed from the same material as Node 2 is. This allows the same time of service for the cargo modules as any other module of the ship for long range or long duration missions. The MPLM/A1 is able to carry ten tons of cargo per module for a total of 40 tons of stowage capacity. The MPLM/A2 is larger in diameter and can carry fifthteen tons of cargo per module for a total of 60 tons of stowage capacity. When two MPLM/A2 logistic modules are used they are attached to Node 2 at the Nadir and Zentih CBM ports. This placement is too allow for enough manuevering space for a another ship to dock with the Pilyhas-1 via the PMA (Primary Mating Adapter) that is docked with the Unity 1 Module while avoiding a possible collision with the extended MPLM/A2. A MPLM/A1 or A/2 cargo module can however be docked to Node 2 on the starboard side of the ship increaseing the cargo tonnage by ten or fifthteen tons respectively.
Next in line is the Node 3 I.S.S. Module. Node 3 is the same module used aboard the I.S.S. and has not been redesigned like the Assurance module has been. Each Node 3 module will hold 8 racks that will be comprised of the following where at least two Node 3 modules will be used with a limit of four modules of the Node 3 type being allowed for each ship.
Each module will include the Air Revitalisation System rack for air-composition monitoring and carbon dioxide removal; an Oxygen Generation System rack for oxygen and water; Water Recovery System Racks 1 and 2 will be used for urine and water processing; a Waste and Hygiene Compartment Rack for crew waste and hygiene processing and along with the Colbert Treadmill.Each Node 3 will also be outfitted with the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device for the crew.
Node-3’s atmosphere is controlled in terms of air pressure, temperature, humidity, velocity, and particulate and microbial concentrations. Node-3 provides a pipe network for the distribution of water (for fuel cells, drinking, waste and processes) between all of the Nodes and within Node-3. It also provides the line for the transfer of pre-treated urine from the Waste and Hygiene Compartment to the Water Recovery System racks inside Node-3.
Special lines and sectioning devices distribute oxygen and nitrogen. Fire detection is provided by two cabin smoke sensors and monitoring of electrical equipment. Other smoke sensors are used in specific racks. Fire suppression within predefined internal enclosures is by portable fire extinguisher.
Two avionics racks accommodate almost all the electronic units for the command and data handling, audio and video functions, and for the conversion and distribution of the electrical power from the ISS solar arrays to the internal and attached elements. Command and control functions, as well as fault detection isolation and recovery algorithms, are provided by Node-3’s computers. In the last Node 3 to be connected will be the communications section of the ship where advanced digital transmission equipment are housed to allow for communication with other ships, stations and planetary communications stations. As yet the comms system has not be decided upon. Cupola can be added to any of these modules at the discretion of the corporation purchasing the plans for the ship to be built.
The science module or science section of the ship is next inline. The Kibo/A1 is of the same design as the original Kibo except that the aft end of the module has been redesigned to allow for a CBM to be added so that the Jules Verne Engineering Section/Module can be attached in the same manner as the other modules. The other design change is that the exposed experiment pallet has been moved to the port and starboard locations of the module. The Experiment Logistics Modules, or ELMs, serve as a ship based storage area that house materials for experiments, maintenance tools and supplies. The Pressurized Module and the Exposed Facility each have an ELM to store samples from planets visited for study on Earth. These samples can range from soil to atmosphere to frozen liquid of samples taken.
Pressurized Section:The Experiment Logistics Module - Pressurized Section, or ELM-PS, is a short cylinder attached to the top of the Pressurized Module that can hold eight experiment racks. It measures 4.4 meters (14.4 feet) in diameter and 3.9 meters (12.8 feet) long.
Exposed Section: The Experiment Logistics Module - Exposed Section, or ELM-ES, is a pallet that can hold three experiment payloads. It measures 4.9 meters (16.1 feet) wide, 2.2 meters (7.2 feet) high and 4.2 meters (13.8 feet) long.